Guggulu is a gum resinous exudate, which is tapped by specific traditional methods. Such resinous mass undergoes a process of purification to make it fit for human use.
This is one of the important drugs used by Ayurveda in the treatment of joint disorders and heart diseases. It is one of the herbs investigated extensively to revalidate the claims mentioned in the Ayurveda. It was observed that Guggulu is a promising hypolipidaemic drug. Further it was also observed that Guggulu offers and effective treatment in rheumatoid arthritis.
The plant yields a gum resin commercially called Guggulu. It has been found to be a mixture of variety of organic compounds and inorganic ions. It also contains mineral matter chiefly consisting of silicon dioxide, calcium, magnesium, iron, aluminum and an essential oil. Guggulusterones E & Z have been reported from the Gum.