How Do Mosquitoes Bite?

Mosquitoes are carriers of various diseases like malaria, chikungunya, dengue, and Japanese encephalitis among others. Though mosquito bites may seem normal, but their consequences can lead to serious illness if ignored.

How Do Mosquitoes Bite?

 

Before knowing how mosquitoes bite, here’s a look at the different parts of a mosquito.

Inside The House:

  1. Head:

    The head is where all the parts that the mosquito uses to bite and suck the blood out of your body. It consists of eyes, antennae to sense chemicals from human body and mouth parts that play a major role helping the mosquito bite and in its food consumption.

  2. Thorax:

    This is the part to which the wings and the legs of the mosquitoes are attached. It also contains the heart and the muscles of the mosquito.

  3. Abdomen:

    Like in every other being, the abdomen is used for storing the food, consists of the digestive organs and the organs that are used for excretion purpose.

How do mosquitoes bite?

Did you know only female mosquitoes bite? Female mosquitoes are attracted by a lot of things including heat, body odour, light and carbon dioxide that your body emanates due to sweating among other factors. They land on your skin, bite into it using their mouth, also known as proboscis, suck your blood out and leave behind their saliva inside your skin that contains protein. The protein left behind from the saliva evokes an immune response from the body that causes you to itch. Repeated itching on the affected area leads to inflammation and swelling. There are different kinds of diseases a mosquitoes’ bite can cause, the most common among them being Dengue, chikungunya and Malaria.

What make mosquitoes bite you:

Mosquitoes are usually attracted by the smell of the carbon dioxide that your body exhales. They make use of their sensory glands to detect body heat and suck the blood from your body. They also have smell detectors that makes it easy for them to suck blood. Mosquitoes can even differentiate between different types of sweats.

The precautions you can take to protect yourself from mosquito bite:

The best way to stay protected from a mosquito bite is to control their spread and stay protected against them by using different methods. Some of them are as given below:

  • Use Mosquito Repellents

    Mosquito repellent is one of the most effective ways to get rid of mosquitoes. A mosquito repellent like Odomos is highly effective in keeping the mosquitoes away. New advanced Odomos uses a formula which masks the distinctive body odour that human skin emits and offers 99.9% protection against mosquito bites. Available in gel, cream, spray and wrist band formats; it can prove effective in staying protected against their bite for up to 8 hours.

    Protective clothing like full sleeves shirts, t-shirts and trousers can keep you protected against mosquito bite. Also wear light coloured clothes as mosquitoes get attracted to dark shades.

  • Eliminating Still Water

    Standing or still water is usually the place where the female mosquitoes lay their eggs. Hence, it is very important to get rid of any collected water as it may be a breeding ground for the mosquitoes. Always keep the drains unclogged and the area around the house clean.

Source:

http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/learning/resources/Entomology/externalMorphology/imagePages/mouth_mosquito.html

https://insectcop.net/how-mosquitoes-bite/

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