UC is associated with episodic or continuous diarrhea with blood and mucus, inflammation of the colorectal mucosa with or without ulcerations and proneness to mild and serious local or systemic complications.
Causes: Infectious Agents inclusive of E coli, Campylobacter, Yersinia; autoimmune disorders, milk allergy, environmental factors.
Clinical Features: Patient may present with bleeding, free or admixed with faeces, perforation, stricture, scarring of mucosa with loss of absorptive And Storage function.
Complication: Perforation, Peritonitis.
Diagnosis: X Ray Abdomen, Histopathology
Ayurveda mentions Raktatisara which can be compared with UC. All the factors that imbalance ‘Pitta’ bio-energy are also responsible for developing Ulcerative Colitis. These include indulgence in too many arguments, eating while watching TV or walking, watching too many violent movies, excessive heat or exposure of the sun, excessive alcohol and smoking, excessive mental activity, skipping meals, spicy, sour or stale and infected foods etc. In Pitta constitution persons, Pitta gets aggravated very quickly with the above factors and patients develop diarrhea followed by bloody diarrhea due to vitiation of Rakta.