Nut grass is widely used by Ayurveda to treat many types of disturbances caused by vitiation of pitta. It is traditionally used to quench hard throat of summers, fevers, solar dermatitis etc. It is known through experimental investigations that it exhibits marked anti-inflammatory activity.
The tubers contain fat, sugar, gum, carbohydrates, essential oil, albuminoid matter, starch fiber and ash. There are traces of an alkaloid. The essential oil is reported to contain about 27 compounds.